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South African
Wine Lab Association:

A Theoretical Approach for understanding the Haze Phenomenon in bottled White Wines at Molecular Level

L.N. Toledo1*, F.N. Salazar1,2, A.J.A. Aquino3

The stabilisation of the proteinaceous material in the wine matrix represents one of the big challenges
for the production of quality white wines, but the characterisation of the mechanism that governs the
interactions between its components is still a very challenging goal. The aim of this study was to provide
new information for developing new technologies in the stabilisation of bottled white wines using a novel
theoretical approach. This method combines electronic structure calculations for the determination of the
a stable conformation of three ligands that may interact with one of the proteins responsible for the haze in
wines, the thaumatin-like protein (TLP), with the search for the mode of binding between this protein and
its ligands through docking calculations. The result shows that sites that exposed positive residues to the
surface of the protein are the sites favoured for the caffeic acid (CA) binding. Additionally, it was observed
that the ligand with the lowest binding energy (-7.38 kcal/mol) was the quercetin (Q). The presence of
a π-π stacking interaction with the residue F118 is confirmed in a family of TLP-Q complexes, and it is
proposed that the mechanism of haze formation in white wines during bottle storage seems to be related
to the interaction of polyphenolic molecules with some residues of this big cavity; these residues or sites of
interaction can be considered as future targets in the control of the haze phenomena and in the research
on alternatives to the fining treatment in the wine industry.

energy of binding, haze, thaumatin-like proteins, Vitis vinifera, bottled wine

Full article

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